Questions from experts

Questions to the organizers
1. What was the immediate response by the authorities to the application for the assembly?
2. What concerns (eg public order, traffic) were raised by the authorities in the course of the negotiations?
3. Were there any alternatives that were indicated as being acceptable by applicants?
4. Was there any opportunity to challenge the time-frames or other arrangements suggested by the authorities?
5. Was there a written agreement as to the route, placement, security measures and other organizational details of the assembly, coming out of the negotiation with the authorities?
6. What preparatory work was carried out with the organizers of a peaceful assembly on the part of the municipal bodies? Were there any changes in a timely manner specified in the location of police forces and security measures (metal detectors, traffic blocs, additional video surveillance)?
7. Have the organizers of a peaceful meeting developed a general strategy of action, safety measures in case of provocation or accident cases, the procedure for notifying the local authorities in case of change the situation, the instructions to participants of a peaceful assembly?
8. What the problems had the organizers and why during a peaceful meeting in the control of the number of participants, their behavior and replacements?
9. Had been a clear procedure for interaction between the peaceful action organizers and police and emergency services (a list of responsible persons, communication channels, time and respond manner) ?
10. What were the peaceful action organizers needs to ensure the safety of citizens and which resources have been proposed to the organizers by the municipal authorities?
11. Are you aware of any participants (from Moscow and the regions) who were prevented to come and take part in the rally?

Questions to the municipal authority
1. Was there a written agreement as to the route, placement, security measures and other organizational details of the assembly, coming out of the negotiation with the organizers?
2. What were the reasons for proposing alternatives to the initially requested route of the assembly?
3. What preparatory work was carried out with the organizers of a peaceful assembly on the part of the municipal bodies? Were there any changes in a timely manner specified in the location of police forces and security measures (metal detectors, traffic blocs, additional video surveillance)?
4. What additional security measures have been taken by municipal authorities in the form of the free access to the place of peaceful assembly of ambulance and medical services; introduction of additional public transport schedule for the transportation of protesters from the site of the demonstration; mobile point of sale of basic necessities and medicines; mobile light-boxes to provide the emergency information and instructions of possible routes?
5. Were there any additional briefings with medical establishments’ staff, emergency services before of the peaceful protest, and what was the content of the instructions
6. What other city authorities were involved (eg requisitioning of water tankers)?
7. When was the decision to close off Bolotnaya square taken? on what grounds? Who has taken that decision?
8. Were the organizers notified of those changes? And if not then why?
9. Were the representatives of municipal authorities as provided by the law present during the assembly? How many? What were their specific tasks and what were they doing during the assembly?

Questions to the police authorities
1. Has there been a preliminary reconnaissance capabilities of the police on the eve of the mass action? Whether during the reconnaissance had been provided the mobility maneuver of police cordons in order to avoid unnecessary crowding protesters, threatening their health and the normal process of the action? (Base - requirements pp. 27, 28.7, 42, 111, 113 Part III. «Control of forces and means of Patrol police" Patrol Police Code)?
2. If such actions had been provided, why they were not implemented in a timely manner and has there been an internal investigation of the manner? If these maneuvers were not provided, how the police helped to avoid unnecessary crowding protesters, their disorientation in this situation?
3. Were the citizens provided with most comfortable movement routes in the current situation in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 16 of the Law "On Police"? If so, how it had been conducted and how many citizens got the information?
4. Was there any intelligence about tents about to be set up in the place of assembly?
5. What searches have been carried out at the entrance points to the assemble? What was confiscated during the searches?
6. What are the legal grounds for security measures taken (metal detectors)? For what type of assemblies are they usually used? Was the security plan involving those measures agreed upon beforehand with the organizers?
7. Based on what arguments and by whose decision it was decided to give priority to the physical contact of the police, as opposed to the active use of non-lethal means of influence - water cannons and tear gas - to avoid a direct clash with the protesters by the police? What other less intrusive options were considered as possible?
8. How many relatives or close persons of victims, inflicting bodily injuries as a result of the use of physical force or special means, were notified by police in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 19 of the Law "On Police"?
9. Was the analysis carried out by the police after the mass action? What was the overall assessment of the actions, made by police? What conclusions have been made concerning the police officers who committed unprofessional actions in the protection of public order and arrest of the protesters? (Base - p. 28.6, 28.8, 130, 139.3 hours III. «Control of forces and means of Patrol police" Patrol Police Code).
10. Why did the riot police not have shields, and do they usually use them during mass protest of similar kind?
11. What was the legal authority/basis for order regarding intensiveness of metal detector searches?
12. What different police units were deployed (including plain-clothed officers)
13. What was the total size of the police deployment?
14. What instructions/orders were given to the police both in advance, and as the events unfolded, both in relation to the facilitation of peaceful assembly, and with regards to arrests and the use of force?
15. What other less intrusive options (if any) were considered by the police before intervening, and what evidence exists for these options having been considered?
16. What individual responses have followed from the complaints against the police action?
17. Have the authorities initiated any investigations into the use of force by the police? If so, when will the conclusions of such investigations be known
18. What (video) evidence has been retained? What video surveillance did the police obtained on a day and what was done with it?
19. What specific injuries did the police suffer, and is there medical evidence of this?
20. How many police officers were injured and what is the nature of their injuries?
21. Were there plain-clothed police in the crowd?
22. Video-materials showed that a number of protesters received injuries. Have there been any investigations on police use of force and any police officer been disciplined?
23. How many protesters were detained on a day? And what were the main charges for those detained? (we need the exact number of detainees, charges that they got and  sentences that people got)?
24. Why did they close the stage and cut off the electricity supply? Who had taken the decision to stop the meeting? (liaison officer vs the big boss)
25. When exactly did the demonstration stop? When (at what exact point) did you regard the demonstration as unlawful?
26. Was there anything different in the police conduct during this specific assembly in comparison to previous similar assemblies?

Questions to public observers
1. Have the authorities requested the testimony of observers, present at the Bolotnaya Square on May 6? If so, to what extent and how they were used?
2. Have public observers initiated an examination of their observations by state authorities and what was the result of such examination?
3. How many public observers were there? Which organizations did they represent?
4. Are there any reports on what was witnessed on may 6? Whom had they been given to? If not, why didn't they produce the report? If yes, is it a public document?
5. Were there any obstacles from police and from the authorities on the spot to the work of public observers?

Questions for Ombudsman’s office?
1. How many representatives of the Ombudsman were present at the assembly?
2. Have the authorities requested the testimony of the Ombudsman and his representatives, present at the Bolotnaya Square on May 6? If so, to what extent and how they were used
3. Have the Ombudsman initiated an examination of his observations by state authorities and what was the result of such examination?
4. Are there any reports on what was witnessed on may 6? Whom had they been given to? If not, why didn't they produce the report? If yes, is it a public document?
5. Were there any obstacles from police and from the authorities on the spot to the work of Ombdusman and his representatives?

Questions for the Investigation Committee
1. What are the guarantees for an objective and impartial selection of the task-force for the case (Investigative group)? Is there any evidence of such selection in the open (public) sources?
2. How to ensure the availability of civilian control over the overall progress of the work of the Investigation Committee?
3. Whether the materials on recovering of compensation for the protesters are considering during the investigation, regardless of protesters’ status (witness, suspect or accused)?
4. Were representatives of investigative committee present on the square at the day?
5. What are the grounds for qualifying the events as mass riots?
6. Was there any investigation into the complaints launched againts the police? If no, why?
7. What was the legal authority/basis for searches of homes/offices of witnesses?